Edit htaccess WordPress

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Edit htaccess WordPress. Thanks to the .htaccess file we can create rules for our Apache webserver, that is, the web space where our site resides. Thanks to these rules we can improve some behaviors of our website and speed up the loading time as well. In this guide we will find out some basic parameters of the .htaccess file and I will also provide you with some rules to add to your website.

How can I Edit htaccess WordPress?

For edit htaccess WordPress the easiest way (for experienced users) is to access via ftp to your web space and look in the "public" folder for the .htaccess file located in the root (main root) folder.

Here's how to Edit htaccess WordPress via ftp

Here's how Edit htaccess WordPress via ftp

Otherwise we can install a plugin to edit the .htaccess file, among the available plugins I recommend these:

wp-htaccess-control
wp-htaccess-control
Developer: António Andrade
Price: Free

 

Redirections for User Agent

These are the standard redirections to be used to signal our website address to users and Googlebots.

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www.olddomain.com$ [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^olddomain.com$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} Googlebot [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} msnbot [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} Slurp
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://bcd.com/$1 [L,R=301]

Set the default homepage

This type of rule allows us to express the default page of our website.

#Specify a default homepage (index page)
DirectoryIndex home.html

Restrict access to specific IPs

This rule is useful for restricting access to the site to only certain ip's, think of a website under development that can only be visible to certain internet connections such as the one of the person who is designing it and the one of the client.

#Permit access only to specific IPs
deny from all
allow from 64.11.219.110
allow from 210.44.45.54

Redirect all pages

Questa regola consente di reindirizzare tutte le pagine verso un nuovo dominio.

#Rredirect all pages from old-domain.com to newdomain.com
Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www.vecchio-dominio.com$ [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^old-domain.com$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.nuovo-dominio.com/$1 [R=301,L]

Preventing access to folders

Very often the space web is also used to store files that go outside the Web site, with this command you will block access to certain folders.

#PPrevent subdirectories from being loaded.
#This command should be placed in the .htaccess file of the primary domain
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^primary\.com$ [OR].
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www.primary\.com$
RewriteRule ^addon\.com\/?(.*)$ "http\:\/\www\.addon\.com\/$1" [R=301,L]

Preventing access to subdomains

Thanks to this rule it is possible to block access to sub-domains of our website.

#PPrevent subdomain loading.
#This command should be placed in the .htaccess file of the primary domain
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^subname\.primary\.com$ [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www.subname\.primary\.com$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ "http\:\/\/www\.addon\.com\/$1" [R=301,L]

Forcing access on non-www domain.

If we want "www" not to be visible on our website, we must use this rule.

#Never put www in the domain.
#SReplace 'example.com' with your domain name
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.(([a-z0-9_]+\.)?example.com)$ [NC].
RewriteRule .? http://%1%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]

Force access on domain with www

In contrast to the previous rule, this one allows the "www" to be made explicit in the link to our site.

#Inserisci sempre www nel dominio
#Sostituisci 'example.com' con il tuo dominio
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^([a-z.]+)?example\.com$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC]
RewriteRule .? http://www.%1example.com%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]

Forcing access under HTTPS

If our website uses the HTTPS secure protocol and if it is not working properly, we can resolve the situation using this rule.

1TP5Always use HTTPS for secure connections
#Substitute 'www.example.com' with your domain as it appears on the HTTPS certificate
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} 80
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.example.com/$1 [R=301,L]

Blocking traffic from specific referrals

Some times we notice a spike of visits on our website, many times these visits are not from real users but are generated from external referrals that many times are useless, thanks to this rule we can block every single referal by inserting it in this list; we only need to add the website with the related extension.

#B Blocking traffic from certain sites
RewriteEngine on
Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} badsite\.com [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} badforum\.com [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} badsearchengine\.com [NC]
RewriteRule .* - [F]

Deny access to certain types of files

With this simple rule we can deny access to certain file extensions.

#Do not allow specific file types to be uploaded
RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule .*.(jpg|jpeg|gif|png|bmp|exe|swf)$ - [F,NC]

Enabling Caching

This rule enables Caching to increase the loading speed of the website.

# Add Caching.

    Header set Cache-Control "max-age=3600"

Enable compression of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and XML files

Thanks to this rule it is possible to compress some files of our website. It is also possible to gain several seconds in the loading of our website.

# Compress text, html, javascript, css, xml:
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/plain
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/css
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xhtml+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/rss+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/javascript
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-javascript

WordPress redirections after permalink change

This feature is useful in case our permalinks are replaced by new ones.

## From permalink "Day and Name (/%year%/%monthnum%/%day%/%postname%/)" to "postname"
RedirectMatch 301 ^/([0-9]{4})/([0-9]{2})/([0-9]{2})/(.*)$ http://www.yourwebsite.com/$4

## From permalink "Month and Name (/%year%/%monthnum%/%postname%/)" to "postname"
RedirectMatch 301 ^/([0-9]{4})/([0-9]{2})/(.*)$ http://www.yourwebsite.com/$3

## From permalink "Numeric (/archives/%post_id%)" to "postname"
RedirectMatch 301 ^/archives/(\d+)$ http://www.yourwebsite.com/?p=$1

Standard file configuration to edit htaccess WordPress

# BEGIN WordPress
.
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L].
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L].


# END WordPress
## ENABLE GZIP COMPRESSION ##
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/plain
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/css
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xhtml+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/rss+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/javascript
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/x-javascript
## ENABLE GZIP COMPRESSION ##
## EXPIRES CACHING ##
.
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresByType image/jpg "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/gif "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/png "access 1 year"
ExpiresByType text/css "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/pdf "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/javascript "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/x-javascript "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/x-shockwave-flash "access 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access 1 year"
ExpiresDefault "access 2 days"

## EXPIRES CACHING ##
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